Statistics Help- Reading
Hits represent the total number of requests made to the server
during the given time period (month, day, hour etc..).
Files represent the total number of hits (requests) that actually
resulted in something being sent back to the user. Not all
hits will send data, such as 404-Not Found requests and requests
for pages that are already in the browsers cache.
Tip: By looking
at the difference between hits and files, you can get a rough
indication of repeat visitors, as the greater the difference
between the two, the more people are requesting pages they
already have cached (have viewed already).
Sites is the number of unique IP addresses/hostnames that made requests
to the server. Care should be taken when using this metric
for anything other than that. Many users can appear to come
from a single site, and they can also appear to come from
many ip addresses so it should be used simply as a rough gauge
as to the number of visitors to your server.
Visits occur when some remote site makes a request for a page on
your server for the first time. As long as the same site keeps
making requests within a given time-out period, they will
all be considered part of the same Visit. If the site makes
a request to your server, and the length of time since the
last request is greater than the specified time-out period
(default is 30 minutes), a new Visit is started and counted,
and the sequence repeats. Since only pages will trigger a
visit, remotes sites that link to graphic and other non- page
URLs will not be counted in the visit totals, reducing the
number of false visits.
Pages are those URLs that would be considered the actual page being
requested, and not all of the individual items that make it
up (such as graphics and audio clips). Some people call this
metric page views or page impressions, and defaults to any
URL that has an extension of .htm, .html or .cgi.
A KByte (KB) is 1024 bytes (1 Kilobyte). Used to show the amount of
data that was transferred between the server and the remote
machine, based on the data found in the server log.
A Site is a remote
machine that makes requests to your server, and is based on
the remote machines IP Address/Hostname.
URL - Uniform Resource
Locator. All requests made to a web server need to request
something. A URL is that something, and represents an object
somewhere on your server, that is accessible to the remote
user, or results in an error (i.e.: 404 - Not found). URLs
can be of any type (HTML, Audio, Graphics, etc...).
Referrers are those
URLs that lead a user to your site or caused the browser to
request something from your server. The vast majority of requests
are made from your own URLs, since most HTML pages contain
links to other objects such as graphics files. If one of your
HTML pages contains links to 10 graphic images, then each
request for the HTML page will produce 10 more hits with the
referrer specified as the URL of your own HTML page.
Search Strings are
obtained from examining the referrer string and looking for
known patterns from various search engines. The search engines
and the patterns to look for can be specified by the user
within a configuration file. The default will catch most of
the major ones.
Note: Only available
if that information is contained in the server logs.
User Agents are
a fancy name for browsers. Netscape, Opera, Konqueror, etc..
are all User Agents, and each reports itself in a unique way
to your server. Keep in mind however, that many browsers allow
the user to change it's reported name, so you might see some
obvious fake names in the listing.
Note: Only available if that information is
contained in the server logs.
are those pages that were the first requested in a visit (Entry),
and the last requested (Exit). These pages are calculated
using the Visits logic above. When a visit is first triggered,
the requested page is counted as an Entry page, and whatever
the last requested URL was, is counted as an Exit page.
Countries are determined
based on the top level domain of the requesting site. This
is somewhat questionable however, as there is no longer strong
enforcement of domains as there was in the past. A .COM domain
may reside in the US, or somewhere else. An .IL domain may
actually be in Israel, however it may also be located in the
US or elsewhere. The most common domains seen are .COM (US
Commercial), .NET (Network), .ORG (Non-profit Organization)
and .EDU (Educational). A large percentage may also be shown
as Unresolved/Unknown, as a fairly large percentage of dialup
and other customer access points do not resolve to a name
and are left as an IP address.
Response Codes are
defined as part of the HTTP/1.1 protocol (RFC
2068; See Chapter 10). These codes are generated by the
web server and indicate the completion status of each request
made to it.
If you have question or to request a stat report
for your site, let me know at firstname.lastname@example.org